Git is the de facto version control system. Most of us use Git every day; our client work involves interacting with, and ultimately delivering, git repositories to our clients.
Git is a powerful tool. This lesson goes through some of the basics, but we recommend that you continue to explore its most advanced features as you use it. We also recommend that you use the command-line git interface, at least to start.
Why use Git? First, it acts as a simple backup, reducing the chances of losing code. It allows multiple developers to edit the code simultaneously and merge their changes (mostly) seamlessly. It lets us write documentation (in commit messages) tied to the state of the code when we wrote it. It lets us roll back to previous versions of the code easily. Git branches let us work on several copies of the code simultaneously, letting us remain flexible to try new approaches and test proofs of concept. There are a host of other benefits too, some of which you will explore in the exercises.
git log command can be a powerful tool to understand changes in a repository, but as with many things, “garbage in, garbage out” applies. Writing concise, descriptive commit messages will help your colleagues and your future self quickly identify the context surrounding changes. Conversely, writing commit messages like
fix bug or
new feature will force the reader to perform a line-by-line comparison, all without the background context the original author had.
To learn as much as possible from these exercises, write your responses before revealing the provided answers. If any exercises seem irrelevant, you can skip them and instead write a justification as to why they are unimportant. These justifications will help us improve the lesson for future employees.
Install git and ssh. Create a GitHub account if you don’t already have one. Create an SSH key and add it to your GitHub account. Create a private repository in your GitHub account with a README. Clone it using ssh (this means you shouldn’t need to enter your github password).
See the tutorials on this page.
Clone a copy of our DICOM Standard git repository. Use the
git blame command to see who has last edited the README for that project.
To clone the repo using SSH, run
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:innolitics/dicom-standard.git. This will make a copy of the repository within
dicom-standard directory. Run
git blame README.md to see who has last edited each line.
Use git to find the oldest commit that includes the word “TODO” in the commit message.
git log --grep 'TODO' --reverse. Here is the oldest commit’s message:
commit 984b4fef5eed30be06ff7001ae8a9c7c5c754158 Author: ReeceStevens <email@example.com> Date: Wed Aug 31 21:58:32 2016 -0500 Add TODO for uncovered bug Accidentally uncovered a bug in the href link generation for references to sections other than the current section (i.e. `part03.html`). As described in the comment: > hrefs to other sections get incorrectly assembled > i.e. If we are in part03.html: > http://dicom.nema.org/medical/dicom/current/output/html/part03.htmlpart06.html#PS3.6 Will resolve this bug before merging with master, but I want to keep moving forward with the goal of this branch before I get sidetracked bug squashing.
Note Reece has written a useful commit message following the conventions in the reading material.
Please help us make these lessons as relevant and up-to-date for future engineers as possible!
You can help in several ways:
You can quickly open the lesson page in the GitHub editor. Create a new branch and pull request and assign it to David.